Forging is a worldwide industry, producing high-quality metal items in various shapes and sizes. Forging can produce many shapes in many different materials and finishes. A piece of metal is heated up and manipulated into the desired shape using forging tools.

Forging is a full-on process of heating, manipulating and finishing a piece of metal, it is made by forcing metals into customized shapes using various forging tools.

Some of the various forging tools that are used are:

Anvil: An anvil is a tool that is used in forging, it is a large block of metal, usually made up of steel it has a flat surface top.

Tong: A tong is made up of three pieces of metal, it works similarly to a pair of scissors, the three pieces are three segments called the jaw, the boss and the reign.

Hammer: A forging hammer is used to form the metal between two dies.

Fuller: A fuller is a tool used to form metal; it is used when the metal is hot.

Press: Press forging is usually done on a forging press; this is a machine that applies pressure gradually on a forging die.

Furnace:  A forging furnace is an open furnace that can reach temperatures up to 1250 degrees.

Forging can cost anything from zero pounds to over a thousand! Depending on the equipment you already have or what you must buy.

There are three main processes of forging, they are:

Impression die forging: During this process, the metal will be placed in a die, and then attached to the anvil.

Hot forging: This process helps metal get to their maximum strength.

Cold forging: This process increases the metal’s strength through hardening the metal at room temperature.




Domed Labels

Everything you wanted, answered.

Today we will be looking at the various questions associated with domed labels: their printing process, the difference between vinyl stickers and the other, and their benefits. It’s important that we understand why domed labels are so beneficial to the advertisement and the branding of various products.

The first question we will look at is the difference between vinyl stickers and their counterparts domed labels. The thing to realise is that vinyl stickers can become domed stickers. They are simply the 2D version of the sticker about to be made. So, the difference is simply the resin applied to the top that is used to make the sticker pop up.

This leads nicely on to our second point regarding the production of the bubble domed label. As explained above, a vinyl sticker is first necessary to create a domed label masterpiece. Any sticker can be used, including things such as screen printing and digital processes.

Surveillance camera signage

Finally, we would recommend domed labels above all other labels. They are the best for the following reasons:

  • Doming your labels is way more affordable than you might think. It’s pretty cheap to just change your run of the mill labels into bubble stickers. By giving them to the correct supplier, they can apply the resin coasting to create a truly beautiful domed effect on any label.
  • Resin domed labels tend to be of a slightly higher quality than 2D labels because they are shinier and harder
  • Using resin coated stickers can make your product’s branding more durable when it comes to the elements.
  • Resin coated domes are very versatile. Not only will they work for those products constantly outside, exposed to the elements, but will also work for any products indoors.

In conclusion, resin labels are the very best type of label and you cannot go wrong with improving your labels this way.


Tax avoidance is a serious matter, IR35 is designed to stop contractors and clients from avoiding paying tax and national insurance.

As of April 2020, IR35 rules change for contractors who are working within the private sector for medium to large clients. As with the public sector, the client will have to look at the parameters and determine if the contractor falls inside or outside of IR35.

IR35 is a piece of legislation that enables HMRC to take additional payments from contractors who they feel should be paying income tax and national insurance based on the fact they are employees in all but name when working with certain clients.

It is relevant to both the public and private sectors where contract work is carried out, however, there are differences in how the payment is taken.

Public Sector – the contractor’s client is responsible for determining if IR35 applies to the contractor. If it does apply they will need to put the contractor onto their payroll and deduct income tax and National Insurance.

Private Sector – if it is believed that IR35 applies to the contractor then the client will have to make an extra payment to HMRC for the additional tax and National Insurance they would receive based on an equivalent employee’s wages.

HMRC take several factors into account when determining if a contractor should be within IR35, these include the following:

  • Control – how much control does the client have over where and when the contractor carries out work
  • Personal or substitute? – does the contractor carry the requested work out personally or do they send a substitute when needed
  • Work requests – does the contractor expect the client to provide them with work and does the contract have to carry out any work requested by the client?

If you are a genuine freelancer, contractor or consultant who is running your business from your account then IR35 will not affect you. Following best practices and keeping your books updated means you will have all the relevant information available should HMRC investigate you.

It is recommended that you seek expert advice as to whether you fall within the parameters of a contractor that should be ‘caught by IR35’ to ensure you have the correct information to hand. There are also several free online contractor calculators you can use for guidance.

If HMRC finds that you are inside IR35 there will be a demand made to retrospectively pay tax and national insurance that is owed and a possible penalty so it is very important to look into this and make sure you are following the requirements.


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Space Saving Desks

Space saving desks

Space saving desk

When working at a desk you may feel like there isn’t enough room to be able to work on, space saving desks will prevent this problem from happening. Along with a well organised desk, a space-saving desk will allow you to have more room from retailers like Pure Office Solutions. A way to save you space is grouping all the items together that you feel are most valuable to in your working environment and place them relatively close. The key step to having tidy desk is to keep things you use on a regular basis in arms reach including pens, notepads etc. other items that you tend to use on a weekly basis can be kept in a draw on your desk or even on your desk but still so you are able to reach them. If your desk is smaller and there is no way of placing items around your workspace use facilities around you to store your items. If your work environment contains using a lot of folders containing key information why not store all this information on your desktop or pc. Saving desks are a very up to date version of a normal desk, however, variables that have been added to a saving desk will allow you to have more room. Many people will a standard desk will have trouble finding places to store the items they need to work with, the back of your computer monitor can be a good spot for hidden storage.

Ways to hide your storage

A back of a monitor will allow you to attach pens, external hard drives and index cards this will save you space! If your desk has been designed to allow you to pull a draw out underneath use this to store your keyboard this will allow you more room on the top of your desk. If there are a lot of wires around where you are working try to use pegs. This will hold all your wires into one, clutter that is caused from cables can look messy by using binder clips can be insanely useful allow you to choose which wire you want to put the clip. Wires that find are not always being used so any spare wire that you notice don’t go anywhere be ensured to remove them.